如何從字尾來判斷名詞

字尾如果是 -ness, -ment, -tion, 或 -sion 通常是名詞。

以 ... 結尾的名詞
-ness-ment-tion-sion
business (商業)argument (爭論)abortion (墮胎)decision (決定)
illness (身體不適)basement (地下室)ambition (野心)illusion (錯覺)
kindness (仁慈)comment (評論)donation (捐獻)mansion (大廈)
sickness (患病)document (文件)emotion (情緒)occasion (場合)
weakness (弱點)element (要素)location (位置)tension (緊張)
witness (目擊者)payment (付款)tuition (學費)vision (視力)

以上只是一小部分以字尾來判斷名詞,其它字尾像 -ity, -ence, -ance, -hood 通常也是名詞。

-ityquality (品質)charity (施捨)
-enceaudience (聽眾)violence (暴力行為)
-anceentrance (入口)balance (平衡)
-hoodbrotherhood (兄弟情誼)neighborhood (鄰近地區)

I wish everybody had the _______ to take care of their families the way they want to.

(A) utility (B) obesity (C) capability (D) ability

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  1. I left because I no longer had the   to feed my kids.
    我離開了,因為我不再有能力養活我的孩子。
  2. What technical   is necessary to build a missile-ready nuclear bomb?
    建造導彈核彈頭需要哪些技術能力?
  3. In the fight against childhood  , communities all over the country are banning the sale of sweets and salty snacks in public schools.
    為了打擊兒童的肥胖,全國各地的社區都禁止在公立學校銷售甜食和鹹點心。
ability capability obesity volatility

  • 電視網路讓觀眾擺脫現實,支撐他們的夢想。
  • The networks are giving viewers an escape from reliability and support for their dreams.
  • The networks are giving viewers an escape from reality and support for their dreams.

reality - n. 現實;reliability - n. 可靠,可信賴度。

表某些特定職業的名詞

表示特定職業的名詞
字尾名詞
-erbuilder, teacher, driver, waiter, carpenter, lawyer
-oractor, editor, doctor, constructor, professor
-istartist, tourist, chemist, journalist, dentist, biologist
-antaccountant, assistant, merchant
-entpresident, student, superintendent
-mansalesman, policeman, postman
-womanchairwoman, anchorwoman
-personsalesperson, congressperson
-essactress, waitress, sculptress

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有志於念醫學院的同學,不妨稍為注意下面這些字。字尾若是 -ologist 有很多是表示在某種疾病方面具有專長的醫生。

  1. cardiologist |  
  2. dermatologist |  
  3. gynecologist |  
  4. otologist |  
  5. rhinologist |  
  6. ophthalmologist |  
  7. neurologist |  
  8. pathologist |  
  9. geriatrist |  
  10. endocrinologist |  
內分泌科專家 心臟科醫生 皮膚科醫生 老人病專門醫師 耳科醫生 病理學家 神經學家 婦科醫生 眼科醫生 鼻科醫生

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字尾是 -ism 帶有信仰、主義的意思。

  1. activism |  
  2. feminism |  
  3. optimism |  
  4. racism |  
  5. realism|  
  6. capitalism |  
  7. socialism |  
  8. communism |  
  9. pessimism |  
  10. heroism |  
  11. totalitarianism |  
女權主義 共產主義 社會主義 勇氣 - 英雄主義 現實主義 悲觀主義 極權主義 資本主義 種族歧視 - 種族主義 樂觀主義 激進主義



Feminism - 女權主義 (男女平等)

We cannot all succeed when half of us are held back.

   — Malala Yousafzai, activist & 2014 Nobel prize winner

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共產主義是指政府擁有一切,而且至少在理論上沒有私有財產。 一切都由政府規劃,控制和配給,但效率低下仍在繼續。

  is when the government owns  , and there is no   property, at least in theory. Everything is planned, controlled and   by the government, but inefficiencies continue.

Socialism anything Capitalism Communism everything private public rationed rationing

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資本主義是指經濟被允許作為個人而非政府運作,決定將生產什麼以及將收取多少價格。 自由市場決定工資和福利。

  is when the economy is allowed to function as  , not  , decide what will be produced and what price will be charged. The free market determines wages and benefits.

Capitalism Communism governments individuals Socialism

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女權主義不是一個骯髒的詞。 這並不意味著你討厭男人,這並不意味著你討厭那些有美腿和曬黑的女孩,這並不意味著你是一個'婊子'或'女同性戀者'; 這意味著你相信平等。
   — 凱特納什,歌手

  is not a dirty word. It does not mean you hate men, it does not mean you hate girls that have nice legs and a  , and it does not mean you are a ‘bitch’ or ‘dyke’; it means you believe  .
   — Kate Nash, singer

Feminism Heroism in equality inequality Racism tan teal

Grammar



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