複合名詞 (Compound Nouns)

複合名詞是由兩個或兩個以上的字所組成。

複合名詞
多字相連空白分開連字號相隔
flashlightseat beltbrother-in-law
toothpastefull mooneditor-in-chief
blackboardhigh schoolbaby-sitter
haircutwater tankdining-table
undergroundwashing machinepasser-by
lipstickreal estatedry-cleaning

複合名詞字與字之間以空白分開或連字號『-』相隔完全是習慣用法,並無一定規則。讀者應勤查字典,找出正確拼法。

複合名詞的複數形式

複合名詞
單數複數
brother-in-lawbrothers-in-law夫妻的兄弟
daughter-in-lawdaughters-in-law兒媳
mother-in-lawmothers-in-law岳母
babysitterbabysitters保姆
passer-bypassers-by過路人
  • 為什麼媳婦們經常覺得她們那一方家庭比丈夫這一方家庭更重要呢?
  • Why is it that daughter-in-laws often feel that their side of the family is more important than their husbands' side of the family?
  • Why is it that daughters-in-law often feel that their side of the family is more important than their husband's side of the family?

複合名詞 daughter-in-law (媳婦) 的複數是 daughters-in-law。
媳婦的丈夫各自只有一個,husband's 是單數名詞的所有格;husbands' 是複數名詞的所有格。
their husband's side ... 表示每個媳婦各有一個丈夫。
their husbands' side ... 表示每個媳婦各有多個丈夫。

Grammar



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