所有格代名詞 (Possessive Pronouns)

所有格代名詞是用來代替人稱代名詞的所有格及其所修飾的名詞

Your car is new, but mine is old.

你的車是新的,但我的是老舊的。

mine = my car, mine 代替人稱代名詞的所有格 my 及其所修飾的名詞 car。

下面表格同時列出人稱代名詞與所有格代名詞。最右邊一欄是所有格代名詞。

人稱代名詞及相對應的"所有格代名詞"
人稱主格受格所有格所有格代名詞
第一人稱單數陽性/陰性Imemymine
複數陽性/陰性weusourours
第二人稱單數陽性/陰性youyouyouryours
複數陽性/陰性youyouyouryours
第三人稱單數陽性hehimhishis
陰性sheherherhers
中性/無性itititsits
複數陽性/陰性/中性/無性theythemtheirtheirs

請注意:最右邊一欄的所有格代名詞都不帶有「撇號」(apostrophe 『'』),不像一般名詞加 『's』 來表示所有格: "my uncle's car", "Mr. Chen's house"

所有格代名詞在數(mine 單數, ours 複數)、性(his 陽性, hers 陰性)、身(mine, yours, his, hers)方面要與先行詞一致。

My flowers are dying. Hers are lovely.

我的花正在凋謝。她的花很可愛。

Hers 當主詞,表示複數的先行詞 Her flowers。

Jerry found his backpack, but Sarah couldn't find hers.

Jerry 找到他的背包,但 Sarah 找不到她的。

hers 當受詞,表示單數的先行詞 her backpack。

從上面兩個例子,我們觀察到:

所有格代名詞可以是主詞,也可以是受詞。這表示所有格代名詞主格與受格同形

所有格代名詞可以代替單數或複數的先行詞。這表示所有格代名詞單、複數同形

人稱代名詞的所有格(my, our, her)後面一定要有名詞,所有格代名詞(mine, ours, hers)後面則不能再有名詞。

my book=mine
your pen=yours
his parents=his
her dog=hers
its fate=its
our house=ours
their car=theirs

Her backpack is red, but mine is black.

她的背包是紅色的,但我的是黑色的。

所有格代名詞 mine 代替名詞 backpack,並表示我所擁有的, mine = my backpack。

  • 這是我的書,那是你的。
  • This is my book; that is your.
  • This is my book; that is yours .

yours = your book

  • 這本書是你的還是他的?
  • Is this book your or his?
  • Is this book yours or his?

你的書還是他的書?要用所有格代名詞。his 是所有格形容詞也是所有格代名詞; your 是所有格形容詞, yours 才是所有格代名詞。

  • 他的房子比我們大。
  • His house is larger than our.
  • His house is larger than ours.

ours = our house

Tony: Will you go to Cindy's party tonight?
Jane: No, I have to do my homework. Don't you have _______?
Tony: Well, I already finished it at school.

(A) You're (B) your (C) yours (D) you

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

她心已碎,他的沒有。她的愛情觀破裂了,他的僅僅才開始。

Her heart was broken,   wasn't. Her views on love were shattered,   were barely starting.

he he him him his his

Its 作為所有格代名詞

Its 作為所有格代名詞非常罕見。試舉二例說明之。

Each team tried to show that its was the best strategy.

每一個團隊試著證明他們的策略是最好的。

its = its strategy, its 是所有格代名詞

His dog lived for 13 years. Its wasn't a terrible life.

他的狗活了13年。牠的一生並沒有那麼糟糕。

Its = Its life, Its 是所有格代名詞,此句與下一句意思相同。

His dog lived for 13 years. Its life wasn't a terrible one.

這一句的 Its 是所有格形容詞,而句子最後的代名詞 one 代替先前提及的名詞 life。

在「所有格形容詞」與「名詞」中間插入 own 的用法

所有格形容詞 + own + 名詞

Frank got his own room when his family moved to the new house.

當他家搬入了新房子時,Frank 就有他自己的房間了。

his own room,屬於他一個人的房間。

I was in my own bed when somebody knocked the door.

當有人敲門時,我在自己的床上。

my own bed, 我自己一個人的床,沒有其他人跟我共用。

『of + 所有格代名詞』 的特殊用法

of + 所有格代名詞

A friend ofmine
yours
his
hers
ours
theirs
won a lottery ticket.

(我的 、你的、他的 ...) 一個朋友中了一張彩券。


John is a friend of mine.

約翰是我的一個朋友。

a friend of mine,我的一個朋友。

Some friends of mine advised me to keep quiet.

我的一些朋友勸我保持沉默。

Some friends of mine,我的一些朋友。

May I borrow several books of yours?

我可以向你借幾本書嗎?

several books of yours,幾本你的書。

One of the books that I remember Mom reading to me was a favorite book of hers when she was a little girl.

我記得有一本媽媽讀給我聽的書是當她還是一個小女孩時她最喜歡的書籍之一。

  • 打電話來的那位男人是她的一個朋友。
  • The man who telephoned was a friend of her.
  • The man who telephoned was a friend of hers.

a friend of hers, 她的一個朋友。

注意 itsit's 的區別

its 當所有格形容詞時,後面要有名詞。

The insect repellent that prevents bug bites has its shortcomings.

驅蟲劑,防止蟲子叮咬有其缺點。

This sweater looks pretty, but I don't like its _______. Do you have a black one?

(A) color (B) brand (C) price (D) size

it's 是 it is 或 it has 的縮短形

I think it's going to rain tomorrow.

我認為明天會下雨。

it's = it is

It's been raining for a week.

它已經下了一個星期雨。

it's = it has

Grammar



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