序數詞 (Ordinal Numbers)

序數詞表示一種順序,如位置前後、時間先後、或重要性等等。它有別於表示數量的多寡的基數詞。

序數詞範例
1st first 11th eleventh
2nd second 12th twelfth
3rd third 13th thirteenth
4th fourth 20th twentieth
5th fifth 30th thirtieth
6th sixth 40th fortieth
7th seventh 50th fiftieth
8th eighth 100th (one) hundredth
9th ninth 101st (one) hundred and first
10th tenth 1000th (one) thousandth

注意最前面三個序數詞的特殊拼法: first(第一), second(第二), third(第三)。

第四,4th (fourth), 以後通常在數字後加 th。 fourth, fifth, sixth,...

100th 可以讀 hundredth 或 one hundredth,同樣,1000th 也可以讀 thousandth 或 one thousandth。

When did you first meet her?

你第一次見到她是什麼時候?

This is the third time this year I have been to Japan.

這是今年我第三次去日本了。

The couple celebrated their fiftieth anniversary.

這對夫婦慶祝他們的結婚五十週年。

Grammar



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