疑問句 (Interrogative Sentence)

疑問句(或問句)是指用來發問的句子,句尾要有問號(?) 。

疑問句基本上有兩種:第一種疑問句是問話的人想要知道對方的回答是同意(Yes)不同意(No),所以我們稱之為Yes/No 疑問句

Yes/No 疑問句
疑問句回答 Yes回答 No
Did she pass the test? Yes, she did. No, she did not.
她考試及格了沒? 是,及格了 不,沒有及格
Are they coming soon? Yes, they are. No, they are not.
他們快來了嗎? 是的,他們快來了。 不,他們還沒?
Can he come to the picnic? Yes, he can. No, he cannot.
他可以來野餐? 是的,他可以來。 不,他不能來。

助動詞可以幫助主要動詞形成疑問句,上面每個例子前面都有個助動詞如:Did, Are, Can。

另一種疑問句是問話的人想要了解內容、消息、資訊等等,這些疑問句通常是以疑問詞 "Who", "What", "Which", "Whose", "Where", "When", "Why", "How" 起頭,所以我們稱之為Wh- 疑問句

Wh- 疑問句
疑問句回答
Who is she? A good friend.
她是誰? 一位好朋友。
Where is Joshua? In the library.
Joshua人在哪裡? 在圖書館。
What is that? A kitchen gadget.
那是什麼? 一件廚用小器具。
How are you? Fine, thanks.
你好嗎? 很好,謝謝。

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

  1.   is calling?
  2.   is your name?
  3.   did you get there?
  4.   is the post office?
  5.   did she leave?
  6.   turn is it?
  7.   colour do you prefer?
How What When Where Which Who Whose

  • 我該如何處理?
  • What should I handle this?
  • How should I handle this?

除了上述"Yes/No"和"Wh-"疑問句外,尚有一種很短的問句(如:did she?isn't it?)附加在直述句後面,用來尋求對方的認同、確認或澄清,我們稱之為附加問句

附加問句
直述句 + "," + 附加問句回答
You're not working here, are you? No, I am not.
你不在這裡工作,是嗎? 不,我不是。
She used to work there, didn't she? Yes, she did.
她曾經在那裡工作,不是嗎? 是的,她是。

Grammar



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