疑問詞 (Interrogative Word, Question Words)

疑問詞用來發問,如 who 「誰?」、what 「什麼?」、when 「何時?」、why 「為什麼?」、where 「在哪裡?」、which 「哪一個?」、whose 「誰的?」、whom 「誰?」、how 「如何?」,這些字統稱為 wh-words

疑問詞起頭的疑問句又叫做「Wh- 疑問句」,問話的人想要了解更詳細的內容、消息、或資訊,因此不能用 Yes/No 來簡單回答。

疑問詞依其在句中所扮演的角色,可以是代名詞限定詞副詞。我們分別稱之為疑問代名詞疑問限定詞疑問副詞

疑問詞分三大類
疑問詞範例
疑問代名詞who, which, what, whose, whom
疑問限定詞which, what, whose
疑問副詞when, why, where, how

疑問代名詞

疑問代名詞用來引導問句,問「何人」、「何事」、「何物」。

Who is she?

她是誰?

What did he say?

他說什麼?

Which is mine?

哪個是我的?

Whose is this book?

這本書是誰的?

Whom did she marry?

她嫁給了誰?

_______ is America's youngest female billionaire?

(A) Who (B) Where (C) What (D) Which

_______ the worst that can happen?

(A) What’s (B) How's (C) Where's (D) Who's

疑問限定詞

疑問限定詞置於名詞之前,用來引導問句 ,說明「哪一個」?「是什麼」?「誰的?」。

What day is it today?

今天星期幾?

Which pen is yours?

哪支筆是你的?

Whose birthday are we celebrating?

我們是在慶祝誰的生日?

_______ country pollutes the most?

(A) Which (B) Where (C) What (D) When

疑問副詞

疑問副詞用來引導問句,問「何時」、「何地」、「如何」、「因何」。

When will the bus arrive?

巴士什麼時候會到?

Why should I bother?

我為什麼要費心?

Where does she live?

她住在哪裡?

How did you sign up?

你是如何報名的?

_______ is the safest place to sit on a plane?

(A) Where (B) What (C) When (D) Which

_______ about going to see a movie tonight?

(A) Where (B) How (C) When (D) Who

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

  1. How   do lions run?
    獅子跑得多快?
  2. How   is our moon?
    我們的月亮有多遠?
  3. How   does a turkey take to cook?
    火雞需要多長時間烹調?
far fast long

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

請填入適當的疑問副詞:

  1.   are you going now? ~ To the supermarket.
  2.   did he go there? ~ By bus.
  3.   did you last see Mary? ~ Last night.
  4.   do people go to the bank? ~ To deposit or withdraw money.
How When Where Why

Why, How come, 與 What for

How come 與 What for 可以用來取代 Why。 How come 與 What for 比較屬於口語的、非正規的用法。

Why are you doing that?
What are you doing that for?

你為什麼這樣做呢?

Why are you not riding the bike to school?
How come you are not riding the bike to school?

你為什麼沒有騎腳踏車上學呢?

善用疑問詞去思考

任何學習過程中,您的思考方式要像個哲學家,而非小道傳聞的八卦作者。當您對自己所學的東西提出問題時,您要善用 why, why not, how, 和 what if 諸類的字詞,勝過於 who, when, where 等較膚淺的字。

How do fetuses breathe?

胎兒如何呼吸?

Why not give it a try?

為什麼不試一試?

What if he's innocent?

如果他是清白的?

Why does squinting help you see better?

為什麼眯著眼看會幫助你看得更清楚?

If you stood on a beach facing the horizon, how far could you see? _______

(A) 25–50 kilometers. (B) Over 50 kilometers. (C) Under 10 kilometers. (D) 10–25 kilometers.

Grammar



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