疑問詞 (Interrogative Word, Question Words)

疑問詞用來發問,如 who 「誰?」、what 「什麼?」、when 「何時?」、why 「為什麼?」、where 「在哪裡?」、which 「哪一個?」、whose 「誰的?」、how 「如何?」。

_______ is the safest place to sit on a plane?

(A) When (B) Which (C) What (D) Where

_______ country pollutes the most?

(A) What (B) When (C) Where (D) Which

_______ is America's youngest female billionaire?

(A) Which (B) Who (C) Where (D) What

_______ does a ticket to space cost?

(A) How long (B) How often (C) How many (D) How much

_______ about going to see a movie tonight?

(A) Who (B) How (C) Where (D) When

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

  1. How   do lions run?
    獅子跑得多快?
  2. How   is our moon?
    我們的月亮有多遠?
  3. How   does a turkey take to cook?
    火雞需要多長時間烹調?
far fast long

疑問詞依其在句中所扮演的角色,可以當代名詞、形容詞或副詞。我們分別稱之為疑問代名詞疑問形容詞疑問副詞

What did he say?

他說什麼?

What 當疑問代名詞,表示什麼。

What day is it today?

今天星期幾?

What 當疑問形容詞,表示哪個。

What does it matter?

這有什麼關係?

What 當疑問副詞,表示到什麼程度。

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

  1.   are you going now? ~ To the supermarket.
  2.   did he go there? ~ By bus.
  3.   did you last see Mary? ~ Last night.
  4.   do people go to the bank? ~ To deposit or withdraw money.
  5.   English book is that? ~ Jeff's.
How When Where Whose Why

_______ the worst that can happen?

(A) Where's (B) Who's (C) What’s (D) How's

How about 與 What about

Have you finished cleaning your room? How about your homework?
Have you finished cleaning your room? What about your homework?

你的房間清理完畢沒?那你的功課呢?

"How about " + 名詞 (your homework) 是詢問:"那家庭作業呢?",也可以用 What about 來取代 How about,文意相同。

Why, How come, 與 What for

How come 與 What for 可以用來取代 Why。 How come 與 What for 比較屬於口語的、非正規的用法。

Why are you doing that?
What are you doing that for?

你為什麼這樣做呢?

Why are you not riding the bike to school?
How come you are not riding the bike to school?

你為什麼沒有騎腳踏車上學呢?

善用疑問詞去思考

任何學習過程中,您的思考方式要像個哲學家,而非小道傳聞的八卦作者。當您對自己所學的東西提出問題時,您要善用 why, why not, how, 和 what if 諸類的字詞,勝過於 who, when, where 等較膚淺的字。

How do fetuses breathe?

胎兒如何呼吸?

Why not give it a try?

為什麼不試一試?

What if he's innocent?

如果他是清白的?

Why does squinting help you see better?

為什麼眯著眼看會幫助你看得更清楚?

If you stood on a beach facing the horizon, how far could you see? _______

(A) Over 50 kilometers. (B) Under 10 kilometers. (C) 10–25 kilometers. (D) 25–50 kilometers.

疑問詞用來引導名詞子句

疑問詞 when, what, where, which, why, how 經常用來引導名詞子句。此時名詞子句內的動詞要還原到非疑問句主詞後面的位置。

名詞子句: when
what
where
which
why
how
(疑問詞) + S + V

Jeff asked me where his wallet was.

傑夫問我他的錢包放到哪裡去了。

Why I went there is anyone's guess.

誰(包含我自己)都不知道我為什麼會去那裡。

Grammar



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