底下這些動詞後面通常跟不定詞

動詞後面通常跟不定詞
afford agreearrangeask
attempt choosedecidedemand
expectfailhopeintend
learnmanageofferplan
preparepretendpromiseprove
refuseseemwantwish

I hope to see you soon.

我希望很快能看到你。

動詞 hope 後面只能跟不定詞。

He didn't expect to see her.

他沒有預料到會遇見她。

動詞 expect 後面只能跟不定詞。

  • 他拒絕談論它。
  • he refuses talking about it.
  • he refuses to talk about it.

動詞 refuse 後面只能跟不定詞

  • 我想成為一名教師。
  • I want being a teacher.
  • I want to be a teacher.

動詞 want 後面習慣跟不定詞

  • 我要求他說實話。
  • I asked him telling the truth.
  • I asked him to tell the truth.

動詞 ask 後面只能跟不定詞

底下動詞該用不定詞還是動名詞?

  1. I don't want my son  to grow  (grow) up to be irresponsible.
  2. I hope  to hear  (hear) from you soon.
  3. he promised  to buy  (buy) me a diamond ring.
  4. I enjoy  walking  (walk) along in the park.
  5. The book is arranged  to teach  (teach) you the basics first, and then move on the more advanced commands.
  6. If you want  to change  (change) the world, you should first change yourself.
  7. Why did you decide  to go  (go) back to school?

底下動詞(V)符合五大句型中的【句型四: S + V + O + C】;它需要有名詞代名詞作為受詞(O),而且補語(C)是不定詞

動詞 + 受詞 +不定詞
tell advise find encourage
remind invite ask allow
warn press order force
require request wish persuade

They advise us not to travel by bus.

他們建議我們不要搭乘公共汽車。

I have always found Jerry to be friendly.

我一直覺得Jerry是友善的。

friendly - "友好的,友善的",雖然以 -ly 結尾, 它是形容詞,不是副詞。

Susan always requires her guests to take off their shoes.

Susan總是要求她的客人脫掉他們的鞋子。

Grammar



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