介系詞 to + 動名詞

不定詞的形式是 『to + 動詞原式』,但是某些特殊的動詞形容詞名詞習慣性後面跟著介系詞 to 形成一種慣用語,這時候 to 後面就不能用動詞原式,必須使用動名詞

(某些特殊的) 動詞
形容詞
名詞
+ to + 動名詞

動詞 + 介系詞 to + 動名詞

動詞介系詞動名詞釋義
object
devote
look forward
confess
to動名詞...反對
將……奉獻(給)
期待
供認

由『動詞 + 介系詞 to』 所形成的片語動詞是一種慣用語, to 後面要用動名詞(或是名詞)。


  • 我想沒有人會反對提早離開。
  • I don’t think anyone will object to leave early.
  • I don’t think anyone will object to leaving early.

介系詞 to 是片語動詞 object to 的一部分,to 後面要用動名詞。

  • 我期待著與新市長一起工作。
  • I look forward to work with the new mayor.
  • I look forward to working with the new mayor.

介系詞 to 是片語動詞 look forward to 的一部分,to 後面要用動名詞。

  • 她承認偷了錢。
  • She confessed to steal the money.
  • She confessed to stealing the money.

介系詞 to 是片語動詞 confess to 的一部分,to 後面要用動名詞。

  • 馬拉拉奉獻她的生命爭取兒童教育。
  • Malala has devoted her life to fight for education for children.
  • Malala has devoted her life to fighting for education for children.

介系詞 to 是片語動詞 devote to 的一部分,to 後面要用動名詞。

Be + 形容詞 + 介系詞 to + 動名詞

be形容詞介系詞動名詞釋義
beopposed
devoted
addicted
committed
to動名詞...反對
專心於
沉迷於
致力於

某些形容詞(通常是過去分詞當形容詞使用) 與後面的介系詞 to 緊密結合,形成「慣用語」,幾乎可以當做一個字來看待, to 後面要用動名詞(或是名詞)。

  • 這國會議員反對增稅。
  • The congressman was opposed to increase taxes.
  • The congressman was opposed to increasing taxes.

be opposed to + 動名詞

  • 他大部分的空閒時間專心於編目他的郵票收藏。
  • Much of his spare time was devoted to catalog his stamp collection.
  • Much of his spare time was devoted to cataloging his stamp collection.

be devoted to + 動名詞

  • 他沉迷於賭博。
  • He is addicted to gamble.
  • He is addicted to gambling.

be addicted to + 動名詞

  • 台灣測驗中心致力於幫助你學好英語。
  • Taiwan Test Central is committed to help you succeed in English.
  • Taiwan Test Central is committed to helping you succeed in English.

be committed to + 動名詞

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

『形容詞 + to + 動名詞』? 還是 『形容詞 + to + 動詞原式』?

  1. She was determined to   weight.
  2. We are committed to   that your information is secure.
  3. I am glad to   from you.
  4. We are dedicated to   you improve your English skills.
  5. We are sorry to   you the bad news.
hearing telling ensure ensuring hear help helping lose losing tell

名詞 + 介系詞 to + 動名詞

名詞介系詞動名詞釋義
reaction
dedication
addiction
devotion
to動名詞...反應
奉獻
沉迷
摯愛

某些名詞與後面的介系詞 to 緊密結合,形成「慣用語」,幾乎可以當做一個字來看待, to 後面要用動名詞(或是名詞)。


  • 每個人對贏得比賽的反應是不同的。
  • Everyone's reaction to win a game is different.
  • Everyone's reaction to winning a game is different.

reaction to + 動名詞

  • 他的致力於教學令人印象深刻。
  • His dedication to teach was impressive.
  • His dedication to teaching was impressive.

dedication to + 動名詞

  • 她的問題是她的沉迷於賭博。
  • Her problem is her addiction to gamble.
  • Her problem is her addiction to gambling.

addiction to + 動名詞

  • 他的熱愛烹飪讓他在競爭中取勝。
  • His devotion to cook allowed him to win the competition.
  • His devotion to cooking allowed him to win the competition.

devotion to + 動名詞

Grammar



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