形容詞與副詞同型

底下這些字既可當形容詞又可當副詞

形容詞與副詞同型(...的;...地)
hard (勤奮;艱難) early (早) fast (快)
high (高) low (低) deep (深)
near (近) late(晚;遲) long (長久)


形容詞與副詞同型例句
形容詞副詞
highMiss Lee lives in a high building.
李小姐住在高樓裡。
The kite flies high.
風箏飛得高。
lowShe said it in a very low voice.
她以非常低沉的聲音說出來。
The planes fly low across the river.
飛機低空飛越河流。
earlyThe early bird catches the worm.
早起的鳥兒有蟲吃。
Please come early.
請早點到。
lateSorry, I am late.
對不起,我來晚了。
We arrived late because of bad weather.
因為天氣惡劣,我們來遲了。
fastI took a fast train to Tainan.
我搭了快速火車去台南。
Young boys grow fast.
年輕的男孩長得快。
hardShe is a hard worker.
她是個勤奮的工作者。
He worked very hard.
他勤奮地工作。
longI've been waiting a long time.
我已經等了很長一段時間。
My mom worked all day long.
我媽媽整天工作。
nearHe will be retired in the near future.
他將在不久的將來退休。
As the date of her wedding drew near, she became very anxious.
隨著婚禮日期日益接近,她變得很焦慮。
deepTake a few deep breaths and calm down.
深呼吸幾下,冷靜下來。
He went deep into the forest.
他深入森林中。

同樣地,hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, yearly 這些字是形容詞又是副詞,它們是由名詞 hour, day, week, month, quarter, year 轉來的。

形容詞與副詞同型
名詞形容詞副詞
hour hourly hourly每小時的(地)
day daily daily 每天的(地)
week weekly weekly 每週的(地)
month monthly monthly 每月的(地)
quarter quarterlyquarterly 每季的(地)
year yearly yearly 每年的(地)

We played tennis twice weekly.

我們每週打兩次網球。

weekly 當副詞。

His weekly earnings is seven hundred and ten dollars.

他的週薪為710元。

weekly 當形容詞。

很多副詞是由形容詞後面加 -ly 所形成。然而 high, near, hard, late, most 這些字既是形容詞又是副詞;但是後面加了 -ly 雖然也是副詞,意義卻大不相同。下表最後兩行多都是副詞,用法特殊,請特別注意:

特殊用法的副詞
形容詞副詞副詞
highhigh (高)highly (= very) (很;非常)
nearnear (近)nearly (= almost) (幾乎)
hardhard (勤奮;艱難)hardly(= almost not) (幾乎不)
latelate(晚;遲)lately (= recently) (最近)
mostmost (很;最) mostly (= usually) (通常)

Grammar



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